Culture defines people’s values, personal interests and belief. Culture also defines uniquity of a person and also defines the individual’s personal background. Technology has had a huge impact on present day cultures. A culture is passed on to the next generation by learning .Culture is seen in people’s religion, food habit, music, clothes and the way an individual act.
MUSIC AROUND THE WORLD
Music is one of the most important boons of God, through which people enrich their cultural values and customs. It is a benevolent art or discipline which plays a significant part among the art and culture round the world. Music, in it’s general form is described as an art form or cultural activity which includes the creation of works of music like symphonies, tunes, criticism of music, mesmerising examinations of music and study of the history of music. Music was defined horizontally as melodies and vertically as harmonies by Indian Philosophers and Ancient Greeks. Composer John Cage of 20th century music is any sound like, “There is no noise, only sound” by John Cage.
Music can be divided into genres like country music. Genres can be further divided into sub-genres such as country blues, pop country etc. Although the dividing lines and relationships between music and genres are often subtle, sometimes open to personal interpretation ,and occationally controversial. For example, it can be hard to draw the line between some early 1980s hard rock and heavy metal. Within the arts, music may be classified as a performing art, a fine art or as auditory art. Music may be played or sung in live rock concerts or orchestra performance, heard live as part of a dramatic work (a music theatre show or opera), or it may be recorded and listened to on a radio,Mp3 player, CD player, smartphone or as film score or TV show.
INDIAN CLASSICAL MUSIC
Indian classical music is the classical music of the Indian subcontinent. It has two major traditions: Hindustani music as North Indian Classical music and Carnatic music as South Indian Classical music. Until 16th century these traditions were not distinct. During Islamic period, the traditions separated and evolved into distinct forms. Hindustani music emphasizes improvisations and exploring all aspects of a raga, while carnatic performances tend to e short and composition based. However, the two systems continue to have more common features than differences
Indian classical music has two foundational units, Raga and Tala. The raga is based on swara, forms the faric of a melodic structure, while the tala measures the time cycle.
In Indian classical music the space between the notes is often more important than the notes themselves, and it does not have western classical concepts such as chords, modulation, counterpoint or harmony.